Recent Progress of Electrochemical Energy Devices: Metal Oxide–Carbon Nanocomposites as Materials for Next-Generation Chemical Storage for Renewable Energy

Dohyeong Seok, Yohan Jeong, Kyoungho Han, Do Young Yoon, Hiesang Sohn
2019 Sustainability  
With the importance of sustainable energy, resources, and environmental issues, interest in metal oxides increased significantly during the past several years owing to their high theoretical capacity and promising use as electrode materials for electrochemical energy devices. However, the low electrical conductivity of metal oxides and their structural instability during cycling can degrade the battery performance. To solve this problem, studies on carbon/metal-oxide composites were carried
more » ... es were carried out. In this review, we comprehensively discuss the characteristics (chemical, physical, electrical, and structural properties) of such composites by categorizing the structure of carbon in different dimensions and discuss their application toward electrochemical energy devices. In particular, one-, two-, and three-dimensional (1D, 2D, and 3D) carbon bring about numerous advantages to a carbon/metal-oxide composite owing to the unique characteristics of each dimension.
doi:10.3390/su11133694 fatcat:un6nw2oyengqngma4cvog3hpz4