Underconstrained jammed packings of nonspherical hard particles: Ellipses and ellipsoids

Aleksandar Donev, Robert Connelly, Frank H. Stillinger, Salvatore Torquato
2007 Physical Review E  
Continuing on recent computational and experimental work on jammed packings of hard ellipsoids [Donev et al., Science, vol. 303, 990-993] we consider jamming in packings of smooth strictly convex nonspherical hard particles. We explain why the isocounting conjecture, which states that for large disordered jammed packings the average contact number per particle is twice the number of degrees of freedom per particle (\bar{Z}=2d_{f}), does not apply to nonspherical particles. We develop first- and
more » ... develop first- and second-order conditions for jamming, and demonstrate that packings of nonspherical particles can be jammed even though they are hypoconstrained (\bar{Z}<2d_{f}). We apply an algorithm using these conditions to computer-generated hypoconstrained ellipsoid and ellipse packings and demonstrate that our algorithm does produce jammed packings, even close to the sphere point. We also consider packings that are nearly jammed and draw connections to packings of deformable (but stiff) particles. Finally, we consider the jamming conditions for nearly spherical particles and explain quantitatively the behavior we observe in the vicinity of the sphere point.
doi:10.1103/physreve.75.051304 pmid:17677051 fatcat:dtghrqdzufcl5mufuhkvaupe5m