Neutrino mixing,CPandTviolation, and textures in four-neutrino models

V. Barger, Yuan-Ben Dai, K. Whisnant, Bing-Lin Young
1999 Physical Review D, Particles and fields  
We examine the prospects for determining the neutrino mixing matrix and for observing CP and T violation in neutrino oscillations in four-neutrino models. We focus on a general class of four-neutrino models with two pairs of nearly degenerate mass eigenstates separated by approximately 1 eV, which can describe the solar, atmospheric and LSND neutrino data. We present a general parametrization of these models and discuss in detail the determination of the mixing parameters and the mass matrix
more » ... ture from current and future neutrino data in the case where ν_e and ν_μ each mix primarily with one other neutrino. We find that measurable CP/T violation in long-baseline experiments, with amplitude at the level of the LSND signal, is possible given current experimental constraints. Also, additional oscillation effects in short- and long-baseline experiments may be measurable in many cases. We point out that, given separate scales for the mass-squared differences of the solar and atmospheric oscillations, observable CP/T violation effects in neutrino oscillations signals the existence of a sterile neutrino. We examine several textures of the neutrino mass matrix and determine which textures can have measurable CP/T violation in neutrino oscillations in long-baseline experiments. We also briefly discuss some possible origins of the neutrino mass terms in straightforward extensions of the Standard Model.
doi:10.1103/physrevd.59.113010 fatcat:bw27smimo5cvxkav4snwornrgy