Runtime identification of microprocessor energy saving opportunities

W.L. Bircher, M. Valluri, J. Law, L.K. John
2005 ISLPED '05. Proceedings of the 2005 International Symposium on Low Power Electronics and Design, 2005.  
High power consumption and low energy efficiency have become significant impediments to future performance improvements in modern microprocessors. This paper contributes to the solution of these problems by presenting: linear regression models for power consumption and a detailed study of energy efficiency in a modern out-of-order superscalar microprocessor. These simple (2-input) yet accurate (2.6% error) models provide a valuable tool for identifying opportunities to apply power saving
more » ... ues such as clock throttling and dynamic voltage scaling (DVS). Also, future work in improving energy efficiency is motivated by a detailed analysis of SPEC CPU 2000 workloads. The vast majority of workloads are found to yield very low energy efficiency due to the frequency of level two (L2) cache misses and misspeculated instructions.
doi:10.1109/lpe.2005.195527 fatcat:beg7ymxyyjcojgg7xnsfyovpcy