Bifurcations and sudden current change in ensembles of classically chaotic ratchets

Anatole Kenfack, Sean M. Sweetnam, Arjendu K. Pattanayak
2007 Physical Review E  
In \prl 84, 258 (2000), Mateos conjectured that current reversal in a classical deterministic ratchet is associated with bifurcations from chaotic to periodic regimes. This is based on the comparison of the current and the bifurcation diagram as a function of a given parameter for a periodic asymmetric potential. Barbi and Salerno, in \pre 62, 1988 (2000), have further investigated this claim and argue that, contrary to Mateos' claim, current reversals can occur also in the absence of
more » ... ns. Barbi and Salerno's studies are based on the dynamics of one particle rather than the statistical mechanics of an ensemble of particles moving in the chaotic system. The behavior of ensembles can be quite different, depending upon their characteristics, which leaves their results open to question. In this paper we present results from studies showing how the current depends on the details of the ensemble used to generate it, as well as conditions for convergent behavior (that is, independent of the details of the ensemble). We are then able to present the converged current as a function of parameters, in the same system as Mateos as well as Barbi and Salerno. We show evidence for current reversal without bifurcation, as well as bifurcation without current reversal. We conjecture that it is appropriate to correlate abrupt changes in the current with bifurcation, rather than current reversals, and show numerical evidence for our claims.
doi:10.1103/physreve.75.056215 pmid:17677156 fatcat:wzkangnkrfbd7gslj4juryvg4i