Cost-effectiveness Analysis of Pegfilgrastim in Patients with Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma for the Primary Prophylaxis of Febrile Neutropenia Associated with CHOP Chemotherapy
Iryo Yakugaku (Japanese Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of pegfilgrastim (Peg-G) and daily filgrastim (Fil-G) for the primary prophylaxis against febrile neutropenia (FN) in patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) who received cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin and prednisolone (CHOP) therapy. We developed a decision analytical model reflecting the clinical processes of NHL patients who received first CHOP therapy. The probabilities at each clinical endpoint were obtained
... nt were obtained from published sources. To estimate the costs and duration of FN treatment, we analyzed the medical records of NHL patients in hospitals participating in this study. The costs of Peg-G and Fil-G were calculated according to the National Health Insurance drug price list. We assessed an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) for a single dose of Peg-G versus 11-days of Fil-G from the perspective of health insurance payers. The sensitivity and robustness of this model were validated by the tornado-diagram and Monte Carlo Method. The costs associated with primary prophylaxis with a single dose of Peg-G and 11-days of Fil-G were 109,628 JPY and 109,243 JPY, respectively. The quality adjusted life years (QALYs) associated with the two strategies were 0.0339 QALYs and 0.0337 QALYs, respectively.