Grain-scale modeling of arbitrary fluid saturation in random packings

Konstantin Melnikov, Roman Mani, Falk K. Wittel, Marcel Thielmann, Hans J. Herrmann
2015 Physical Review E  
We propose a model for increasing liquid saturation in a granular packing which can account for liquid redistribution at saturation levels beyond the well-studied capillary bridge regime. The model is capable of resolving and combining capillary bridges, menisci and fully saturated pores to form local liquid clusters of any shape. They can exchange volume due to the local Laplace pressure gradient via a liquid film on the surfaces of grains. Local instabilities like Haines jumps trigger the
more » ... mps trigger the discontinuous evolution of the liquid front. The applicability of the model is demonstrated and compared to benchmark experiments on the level of individual liquid structures as well as on larger systems.
doi:10.1103/physreve.92.022206 pmid:26382393 fatcat:qxen76rd4ngonlydgekee526xq