Abhishek Goswami, Luis E. Ortiz, Samir R. Das
2011 Proceedings of the Seventh COnference on emerging Networking EXperiments and Technologies on - CoNEXT '11  
We consider the problem of localizing a wireless client in an indoor environment based on the signal strength of its transmitted packets as received on stationary sniffers or access points. Several state-of-the-art indoor localization techniques have the drawback that they rely extensively on a labor-intensive'training' phase that does not scale well. Use of unmodeled hardware with heterogeneous power levels further reduces the accuracy of these techniques. We propose a 'learning-based'
more » ... ning-based' approach, WiGEM, where the received signal strength is modeled as a Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM). Expectation Maximization (EM) is used to learn the maximum likelihood estimates of the model parameters. This approach enables us to localize a transmitting device based on the maximum a posteriori estimate. The key insight is to use the physics of wireless propagation, and exploit the signal strength constraints that exist for different transmit power levels. The learning approach not only avoids the labor-intensive training, but also makes the location estimates considerably robust in the face of heterogeneity and various time varying phenomena. We present evaluations on two different indoor testbeds with multiple WiFi devices. We demonstrate that WiGEM's accuracy is at par with or better than state-of-the-art techniques but without requiring any training.
doi:10.1145/2079296.2079299 dblp:conf/conext/GoswamiOD11 fatcat:r3nbueylunehhjx7mq3uagh24u