Mapping the spectral phase of isolated attosecond pulses by extreme-ultraviolet emission spectrum

Candong Liu, Zhinan Zeng, Ruxin Li, Zhizhan Xu, Mauro Nisoli
2015 Optics Express  
An all-optical method is proposed for the measurement of the spectral phase of isolated attosecond pulses. The technique is based on the generation of extreme-ultraviolet (XUV) radiation in a gas by the combination of an attosecond pulse and a strong infrared (IR) pulse with controlled electric field. By using a full quantum simulation, we demonstrate that, for particular temporal delays between the two pulses, the IR field can drive back to the parent ions the photoelectrons generated by the
more » ... generated by the attosecond pulse, thus leading to the generation of XUV photons. It is found that the generated XUV spectrum is notably sensitive to the chirp of the attosecond pulse, which can then be reliably retrieved. A classical quantum-path analysis is further used to quantitatively explain the main features exhibited in the XUV emission.
doi:10.1364/oe.23.009858 pmid:25969027 fatcat:z7b6hbl5dzbbjcl6uqokyormde