Prevalance of Depression among Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease

Reya Thomas
2014 IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences  
Objective: Depression is a common psychiatric illness in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). It has been shown to affect morbidity & mortality in these patients. This study was done to determine the prevalence of depression in CKD patients. Method: This cross sectional study was done in DMIMS university, Acharya Vinobha Bhave Rural Hospital located in central india is a tertiary hospital. A self administered Zung questionnaire was administered. This questionnaire has 20 questions with
more » ... 20 questions with an individual scoring to each question. Individuals with a total score of 50 are considered depressed & score above 70 indicates severe depression. Results: Thirty (30) patients of CKD with or without dialysis & 14 controls were interviewed. There were 12 (85%) males & 2 (15%) females. All were age matched. The prevalence of depression among CKD patients was 96.66% while for control group was 5% (P<0.00). Further analysis revealed that CKD patients who were not on dialysis were more depressed than the patients who were on dialysis treatment. The mean Zung score in pre dialysis patients was 61.47 ± 3.95 versus ESRD patients on dialysis which was 56.30 ±3.79 (P<0.001). Conclusion: Depression is highly prevalent among our patients with CKD. We opine that along with other management of CKD symptoms of depression should be targeted & should be considered for treatment.
doi:10.9790/0853-13951922 fatcat:grziof74fnarbdp7gtbyv44cc4