The Nitrogen-Removal Efficiency of a Novel High-Efficiency Salt-Tolerant Aerobic Denitrifier, Halomonas Alkaliphile HRL-9, Isolated from a Seawater Biofilter
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Aerobic denitrification microbes have great potential to solve the problem of NO3−-N accumulation in industrialized recirculating aquaculture systems (RASs). A novel salt-tolerant aerobic denitrifier was isolated from a marine recirculating aquaculture system (RAS) and identified as Halomonas alkaliphile HRL-9. Its aerobic denitrification performance in different dissolved oxygen concentrations, temperatures, and C/N ratios was studied. Investigations into nitrogen balance and nitrate reductase
... genes (napA and narG) were also carried out. The results showed that the optimal conditions for nitrate removal were temperature of 30 °C, a shaking speed of 150 rpm, and a C/N ratio of 10. For nitrate nitrogen (NO3−-N) (initial concentration 101.8 mg·L−1), the sole nitrogen source of the growth of HRL-9, the maximum NO3−-N removal efficiency reached 98.0% after 24 h and the maximum total nitrogen removal efficiency was 77.3% after 48 h. Nitrogen balance analysis showed that 21.7% of NO3−-N was converted into intracellular nitrogen, 3.3% of NO3−-N was converted into other nitrification products (i.e., nitrous nitrogen, ammonium nitrogen, and organic nitrogen), and 74.5% of NO3−-N might be converted to gaseous products. The identification of functional genes confirmed the existence of the napA gene in strain HRL-9, but no narG gene was found. These results confirm that the aerobic denitrification strain, Halomonas alkaliphile HRL-9, which has excellent aerobic denitrification abilities, can also help us understand the microbiological mechanism and transformation pathway of aerobic denitrification in RASs.