Original Article Clinical features of systemic cancer patients with acute cerebral infarction and its underlying pathogenesis
Int J Clin Exp Med
The increased incidence of cerebral infarction in patients with systemic cancer has been reported ; however, the underline mechanisms remain unclear. Investigation regarding the clinical features of cerebral infarction in cancer patients could be helpful to understand its underlying pathogenesis. Methods: A total of 537 patients were recruited and divided into three groups: 1) stroke and cancer group (SCG), defined as active cancer patients with acute cerebral infarction; 2) stroke group (SG),
... stroke group (SG), defined as acute cerebral infarction patients without cancer; and 3) Cancer group (CG), defined as active cancer patients without cerebral infarction. These patients were age and gender-matched among groups. Results: 179 patients, including 128 male subjects (73.68%) were enrolled in each group. Compared to SG patients, more SCG patients lacked conventional vascular risk factors (CRFs), and had elevated plasma D-dimer, cancer antigen (CA) 125 and 199 levels with multiple lesions in multiple cerebral arterial territories. In addition, SCG patients were found to have poorer prognosis. Compared to CG patients, more SCG patients' cancer had metastasized. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the elevated plasma D-dimer, CA125 and CA199 levels may independently increase, but chemoradiotherapy decreased the risk of cere-bral infarction in cancer patients. Conclusions: Our study demonstrated that the clinical features of acute cerebral infarction in most active cancer patients can be identified as multiple lesions in multiple cerebral arterial territories with elevated plasma D-dimer and the elevated levels of cancer antigens.