Ppd-H1 integrates drought stress signals to control spike development and flowering time in barley [article]

Leonard Gol, Einar Baldvin Haraldsson, Maria von Korff Schmising
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
Drought impairs growth and spike development and is therefore a major cause of yield losses in the temperate cereals barley and wheat. Here, we show that the photoperiod response gene PHOTOPERIOD-H1 (Ppd-H1) interacts with drought stress signals to modulate spike development. We tested the effects of a continuous mild and a transient severe drought stress on developmental timing and spike development in spring barley cultivars with a natural mutation in ppd-H1 and derived introgression lines
more » ... rying the wild-type Ppd-H1 allele from wild barley. Mild drought reduced the spikelet number and delayed floral development in spring cultivars but not the introgression lines with a wild-type Ppd-H1 allele. Similarly, drought-triggered reductions in plant height, tiller and spike number were more pronounced in the parental lines compared to the introgression lines. Transient severe stress halted growth and floral development, upon rewatering introgression lines, but not the spring cultivars, accelerated development so that control and stressed plants flowered almost simultaneously. These genetic differences in development were correlated with a differential downregulation of the flowering promotors FLOWERING LOCUS T1 and the BARLEY MADS-box genes BM3 and BM8. Our findings, therefore, demonstrate that Ppd-H1 affects developmental plasticity in response to drought in barley.
doi:10.1101/2020.03.26.010173 fatcat:77qhtos6unaudndobsqxr555xi