DNA Technology: The Technology of Justice-Current and Future Need

Thierry Murangira, Bhakare Jyoti
2012 Research Journal of Recent Sciences   unpublished
The intelligence of human being, since the beginning of this world has resulted in the growth of science and technology. Science and technology have developed according to the interest and needs of humankind. They are having tremendous impact on human lives. Advances in DNA technology are being seen as significant, reliable, efficient and accurate tools for law enforcement agencies to fight crimes. DNA evidences are capable of proving guilt of accused or innocence of accused persons wrongly
more » ... persons wrongly convicted. Forensic DNA Technology has transformed investigative methods of serious crimes due to its remarkable capability to convict wrongdoers or exonerate accused or convicted offenders. One of the most significant and great qualities of DNA evidence is its ability to solve cold cases. More importantly, DNA technology can quickly lead suspicion away by allowing samples of past crimes that were never solved to be reassessed. This can result in the arrest of suspect(s) years after the crime was committed. In essence, DNA evidence is rapidly becoming irrefutable proof of identification. The question whether DNA is advancing justice becomes relevant in cases where police, in their efforts, use DNA evidence to find suspects and solve crimes. Certainly, questions of justice weigh most heavily when the DNA samples of innocent person is taken, stored and analyzed and falls under the lens of suspicion. Therefore, this paper deals with the utility of DNA Technology in criminal investigation process. Advancement of DNA technology toward a vision of justice is a focal point of this research paper.