Effect of improved stoves on prevalence of acute respiration infection and conjuctivitis among children and women in a rral community in Kenya

EM Wafula, MM Kinyanjui, I Nyabole, ED Tenambergen
2009 East African Medical Journal  
Objectives: To estimate the effect of improved stoves on the prevalence of ARI and conjunctivitis among children aged below five years and women aged between 15 and 60 years. Method: A field trial or intervention study design, in which cluster and random sampling were used to recruit households with improved stoves. Nearest households with traditional three-stone stoves were recruited as controls. Prevalence of ARI and conjunctivitis among the study subjects was estimated by clinical evaluation
more » ... clinical evaluation and physical observation, and by history (including clinical and socioeconomic information), and compared between the two study groups. Results: The prevalence of ARI among children aged below five years and among women aged between 15 and 60 years were significantly higher in households with the traditional three-stone stoves than in those with the improved stove χ2 =31.45 ρ = 0.00000, relative risk = 2.6, C.l. 1.86,3.63, and χ2 = 30. 13, ρ = 0.00000, Relative Risk = 2.8, C.l. 1.93, 4.06, respectively). Similarly the prevalence of conjunctivitis among children aged below five years and among women aged between 15 and 60 years were significantly higher in households with traditional three-stone stoves than in those with the improved stoves (c2 = 24.18, p = 0.00000, Relative Risk = 3.3, C.l. 2.05,5.32, and χ2 = 7.6, ρ = 0.0057, Relative Risk = 3, C.I. 1.38, 6.54. respectively). Conclusion: Prevalence of ARI and conjunctivitis among children aged below five years and also among women aged between 15 and 60 years in households with the traditional three-stone stoves was significantly higher than that in households with improved stoves.
doi:10.4314/eamj.v77i1.46379 fatcat:33uuh3asf5hhlp7mnxwncs7n5y