Seasonal Geochemical Trends and Pollution Assessment of Bottom Sediments in the São Francisco Hydrographic Basin, Brazil: The Três Marias Reservoir [post]

Gustavo Filemon Costa Lima, Ciro Couto Bento, Adolf Heinrich Horn, Eduardo Duarte Marques, Hernando Baggio Filho
2021 unpublished
The Três Marias Reservoir is the ninth-largest reservoir in Brazil, becoming crucial for national strategic development. However, many anthropic activities may affect the sediment quality, promoting the need for a proper environmental assessment. This research appraised the seasonal influences on the Três Marias Reservoir's sediments geochemistry, elucidating possible anthropogenic impacts. The concentrations of Mg, Al, Ca, Cr, Fe, Co, Cu, Cd, Ti, Mn, Ni, Zn, Ba, Pb, and Organic matter were
more » ... ured in 78 samples of bottom sediments regarding the two seasons of the area, a dry winter and rainy summer. The Median ± 2 MAD (Median Absolute Deviation) settled the geochemical background for the two seasons. The sediment quality guidelines CONAMA 344/12 highlight the possible adverse ecological effects of pollutants. Hierarchical Clustering Analysis, Geoaccumulation index, and the Pollution Load Index delineated the polluted zones. The Pollution Load Index ranges from 0.25 to 2.28 in the dry season and 0.56 to 2.11 in the rainy season, defining three affected zones in the reservoir. Forestry and agriculture are the probable pollution sources, reaching warning levels that should be considered in further environmental strategies.
doi:10.21203/ fatcat:nm7qfarefbfdrpz5vuw47lxhfm