Screening of NKX2.5 gene in Moroccan Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) patients: worldwide mutation rate comparisons show a significant association between R25C variant and TOF phenotype

Ihssane EL Bouchikhi, Khadija Belhassan, Fatima Zohra Moufid, Laila Bouguenouch, Imane Samri, Mohammed Iraqui Houssaïni, Karim Ouldim, Samir Atmani
2021 Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics  
Background Tetralogy of Fallot is the most prevalent cyanotic congenital heart disease, occurring in 1/3 600 live births. This disorder comprises ventricular septal defect, right ventricular outflow obstruction, over-riding aorta, and right ventricular hypertrophy. The present study aims to reveal the spectrum of Nk2 homeobox 5 (NKX2-5) variants identified in a Moroccan non-syndromic tetralogy of Fallot cohort and to compare mutation rate with different studies from all over the world.
more » ... the world. Thirty-one patients with non-syndromic tetralogy of Fallot were recruited in this cross-sectional study. DNAs were extracted, and coding regions of NKX2.5 were PCR-amplified and sequenced. The obtained sequences were analyzed using different bioinformatics tools. Statistical comparisons were carried out using the R software. Results R25C mutation was found in two patients, in association with the E21E variant. The latter variant was frequently observed in the population and seems to have a potential altering effect on the splicing process. The NKX2.5 mutation rate in our tetralogy of Fallot population is around 6.4%, and no significant difference was noticed in comparison with previous studies. At the same time, a comparison of R25C mutation rate between atrial septal defect and tetralogy of Fallot worldwide populations shows a particular association of R25C mutation with tetralogy of Fallot phenotype. Conclusions This study reveals a consistency between our NKX2.5 mutation rate and those of different tetralogy of Fallot populations around the world. Our findings suggest a possible combined effect of R25C mutation and E21E variant on the carriers and emphasize particularly the significant association of R25C mutation with tetralogy of Fallot, which highlights the importance of an anticipative screening for TOF phenotype among the carriers' offspring at the perinatal period.
doi:10.1186/s43042-021-00136-1 fatcat:2mafdiwv3rbdrpyc3ceg37vbpq