A PROFILE OF WHO COMPLETES AND WHO DROPS OUT OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE REHABILITATION

April A. Gerlock
2001 Issues in Mental Health Nursing  
Despite changes made in domestic violence (DV) programs, attrition continues to be a major problem. For this study on DV rehabilitation attrition, 62 male batterers and 31 female victims were recruited during a six month time frame from an existing batterers' program. Of the 62 batterers, one man was removed from the study, 38 dropped out of the program, and 23 made the transition from rehabilitation to the maintenance phase of the program. A logistical regression to predict completion status
more » ... completion status resulted in a Model Chi-square statistic of 31.08 ( p D :000). Completers were more likely young, court-monitored, had lower levels of stress (SOS Inventory) and posttraumatic stress (PCL), and had higher levels of mutuality (MPDQ) in their relationships than noncompleters. The model predicted 88.89% of the noncompleters, 78.26% of the completers, and had an overall predictive ability of 84.75% for the study sample. Public awareness campaigns and high-pro le criminal cases have increased the general awareness of domestic violence (DV) as a problem during the past decade. As a result of pressure from victims' services and research, some states have mandated criteria for length and content . While not a prospective design, the study did provide useful initial information for later studies to build upon. The authors found that programs with the greatest potential for program completion were those that were short in length, utilized referrals from the legal system, and provided services for a reduced or no fee. They found dropouts more likely to be Caucasian, blue collar, and unemployed. In a prospective design, Gruznski and Carrillo (1988) compared program completers, intake completers, and partial program completers on the following measures: demographic information, the Modi ed Con ict Tactics Scale (CTS; Straus, 1979), the Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Oriented-Behaviors Scale (FIRO-B; Schultz, 1967) , and the Attitudes Towards Women Scale (ATW; Spence & Helmreich, 1978) . The program consisted of 32 sessions using both social learning theory and cognitive behavioral formats. The sample consisted of 59 completers and 116 dropouts. A discriminant function analysis revealed that the use of indirect threats, history of abuse victimization, witnessing domestic violence in the family of origin, educational attainment, employment status, FIRO-B control expressed subscale, and the number of children in the family signi cantly distinguished completers from dropouts. These variables correctly classi ed 64.4% of those completing the entire program, 55% of those completing only the assessment, and 25% of those completing some of the program. Hamberger and Hastings (1989) conducted a comparison of completers and dropouts and a prediction of program completion based on demographic and personality variables. The intervention program consisted of a total of 16 sessions. Their sample included 88 completers and 68 dropouts. Dropouts were younger, had lower employment levels, and higher pretreatment levels of police contact for drug and alcoholrelated offenses (as well as miscellaneous offenses). The dropouts had higher levels of borderline and schizoid tendencies, while the completers had lower levels of psychopathology. A discriminant function analysis successfully predicted 71% of the dropouts on the following variables: younger age of participants, less well employed, higher average annual crime rates, higher levels on the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI; Millon, 1983) alcohol scale, and no court or probation mandate. The analysis also revealed that blacks were marginally overrepresented, and dropouts were less well educated. An additional study using a prospective design was done by Saunders and Parker (1989) . The intervention program was a 12-week,
doi:10.1080/01612840151136911 fatcat:omerl5aadvgapm5cm2m2gtt5qe