Micropatterned hyaluronan surfaces promote lymphatic endothelial cell alignment and orient their growth

E Weber, A Rossi, R Gerli, S Lamponi, A Magnani, D Pasqui, R Barbucci
2004 Lymphology  
The implant of a biocompatible device capable of guiding lymphatic vessel regeneration in patients who underwent removal of lymph nodes might contribute to restoring an efficient lymphatic drainage and help to prevent the occurrence of lymphedema. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a microstructured surface could provide a guidance for the growth of cultured lymphatic endothelial cells. The presence of microstructures on a surface permits the control of cell adhesion, migration,
more » ... on, migration, proliferation, and differentiation. We report here that lymphatic endothelial cells align on microstructures of alternating hyaluronan and aminosylanized glass stripes obtained by photoimmobilization. Cells consistently spread and proliferate only on aminosylanized glass. They orient parallel to the longitudinal axis of the stripe. A pattern of alternating stripes of aminosylanized glass uniformly covered by elongated cells and of hyaluronan devoid of cells eventuallyforms. The presence of alpha(v)-integrins along cell borders of cells in search of contact with each other and at the leading edge of migrating cells, sites where new focal adhesions are presumably formed, indicates that integrin-mediated adhesion to the substrate guides cell migration along the microstructure. Micropatterned surfaces of hyaluronan thus proved to adequately orient the growth of cells allowing the regeneration of lymphatic endothelium in the desired direction.
pmid:15109073 fatcat:6tb7h5rpdjf5rk724tk52ohkpu