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In solution phase, the solute can be photo-ionized in the lower excitation energy than its ionization potential in gas phase. Therefore, the specific interaction is expected to be exist between the surrounding media and higher excited (Sn) state of the solute. In order to elucidate such polarization effect of solvent on the photoionization process, femtosecond double-pulse excitation was applied to direct detection of low-energy photoionization dynamics of a phenylenediamine derivative indoi:10.1051/epjconf/201920509018 fatcat:umhu5c6zc5fcxnurn67hcboncy