Semi-loss-tolerant strong quantum coin-flipping protocol using quantum non-demolition measurement
Quantum Information Processing
In this paper, we present a semi-loss-tolerant strong quantum coin-flipping (QCF) protocol with the best bias of 0.3536. Our manuscript applies Quantum non-demolition (QND) measurement to quantum coin-flipping protocol. Furthermore, a single photon as a single qubit is used to avoid the difficult implementation of EPR resources. We also analyze the security of our protocol obtaining the best result among all coin-flipping protocols considering loss. A semi-loss-tolerant Quantum Dice Rolling
... ) protocol is first proposed, and the security of corresponding three-party QDR is analyzed to better demonstrate the security of our QCF.