Implementing a Competency-Based Approach to Anatomy Teaching: Beginning With the End in Mind

Alireza Jalali, Dahn Jeong, Stephanie Sutherland
<span title="2020-02-18">2020</span> <i title="SAGE Publications"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="" style="color: black;">Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development</a> </i> &nbsp;
The shift in the medical education system from a time-based to a competency-based model has encouraged its adoption and application in competency-based education in anatomy classrooms, such as team-based learning models and flipped classroom models. This pilot study aimed to build on previous work of the linkages between anatomy-based learning (a flipped classroom model inspired by a modified team-based learning) and student learning and engagement, and further to assess the linkage between
more &raquo; ... omy-based learning and academic performance. Methods: A sequential mixed-methods design was employed to first gather and analyse quantitative data, including confidential student first semester scores in anatomy: gender, stream, anatomy-based learning, and final anatomy overall mark. The quantitative phase was followed by a qualitative phase in which a series of 8 anatomy laboratories were observed (4 anatomy-based learning and 4 traditional). Thematic analysis was performed on the observation data. Results: Aggregate anatomy-based learning and traditional stream tests, and final unit scores were compared. The anatomy-based learning and final unit scores showed little difference between students in the anatomy-based learning and students in the traditional stream. Students using anatomy-based learning had an aggregate score of 1.15 and final aggregate mark of 72, whereas students in the traditional section had an aggregate score of 1.19 and final mark of 79. Qualitative phase was undertaken to try to assess the linkages between anatomy-based learning and student learning. Observations showed that students in the anatomy-based learning section spent more time on task as compared with their peers in the traditional stream. The anatomy-based learning students also seemed to practice more self-directed learning and employed more multimodal learning strategies than the traditional section stream. Discussion/conclusions: Although the quantitative results of this study showed no significant difference in mean scores between anatomy-based learning and traditional designs, it was possible to observe the potential of flipped classroom model in engaging students in individual preparation, in team-based learning, and in consensus-based learning approaches.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="">doi:10.1177/2382120520907899</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">pmid:32128447</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">pmcid:PMC7031789</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">fatcat:i4u7khcwhbfbnpq22z4rt5xk3e</a> </span>
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