From ridges in the velocity distribution to wiggles in the rotation curve
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters
Recently, the Gaia data release 2 (DR2) showed us the richness in the kinematics of the Milky Way disk. Of particular interest is the presence of ridges covering the stellar velocity distribution, V_ϕ-R; as shown by others, it is likely that these ridges are the signature of phase mixing, transient spirals, or the bar. Here, with a Galactic model containing both: bar and spirals, we found the same pattern of ridges extending from the inner to the outer disk. Interestingly, ridges in the V_ϕ-R
... ane correlate extremely well with wiggles in the computed rotation curve (RC). Hence, although the DR2 reveals (for the first time) such substructures in a wide spatial coverage, we notice that we have always seen such pattern of ridges, but projected into the form of wiggles in the RC. The separation and amplitude of the wiggles strongly depend on the extension and layout of ridges in the V_ϕ-R plane. This means that within the RC are encoded the kinematic state of the disk as well as information about the bar and spiral arms. The amplitude of the wiggles suggests that similar features currently observable in external galaxies RCs have similar origins, triggered by spirals and bars.