Long-Term and Immediate Impacts of Health Emergency and Disaster Risk Management (Health-EDRM) Education Interventions in a Rural Chinese Earthquake-Prone Transitional Village

Emily Ying Yang Chan, Janice Ying-en Ho, Zhe Huang, Jean Hee Kim, Holly Ching Yu Lam, Phoebe Pui Wun Chung, Carol Ka Po Wong, Sida Liu, Sharon Chow
2018 International Journal of Disaster Risk Science  
Ma'an Qiao Village, a Dai and Yi ethnic minority-based community in Sichuan Province, China sustained complete infrastructure devastation during the 2008 Panzhihua earthquake. Health emergency and disaster risk management (Health-EDRM) education intervention programs were implemented in 2010 and 2011. This serial cross-sectional survey study aimed to examine the immediate and long-term impacts of the Health-EDRM interventions in this remote rural community. The findings demonstrate knowledge
more » ... strate knowledge improvement in areas of water and sanitation, food and nutrition, and disaster preparedness immediately after the Health-EDRM education interventions. Temporal stability of knowledge retention was observed in household hygiene and waste management and smoking beliefs in 2018, 7 years after the interventions. Other important findings include knowledge uptake pattern differences of oral rehydration solution (ORS) between earthquake-prone and flood-prone communities. Usage of Internet and mobile technology for accessing disaster-related information was found to be independent of gender and income. Overall, this study demonstrated the knowledge improvement through Health-EDRM education interventions in a remote rural community. Promoting behavioral changes through interventions to raise awareness has the potential to reduce health risks in transitional post-disaster settings. Future programs should aim to identify evidence-based practices and explore how technology can support Health-EDRM education among vulnerable subgroups. Keywords Earthquake Á Transitional community Á Disaster preparedness kit Á Disaster risk reduction Á Health emergency and disaster risk management Á Rural China Á Sichuan
doi:10.1007/s13753-018-0186-5 fatcat:qzptnn2sujcjxjmplwtnm4gaya