Early Identification of Children Predisposed to Low Peak Bone Mass and Osteoporosis Later in Life1

M. Luiza Loro, James Sayre, Thomas F. Roe, Michael I. Goran, Francine R. Kaufman, Vicente Gilsanz
2000 Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism  
The amount of bone that is gained during adolescence is the main contributor to peak bone mass, which, in turn, is a major determinant of osteoporosis and fracture risk in the elderly. We examined whether computed tomography measurements for the density and the volume of bone in the axial and the appendicular skeletons could be tracked through puberty in 40 healthy white children (20 girls and 20 boys). Longitudinal measurements of the cross-sectional area and cancellous bone density of the
more » ... density of the vertebral bodies and the cross-sectional and cortical bone areas of the femurs at the beginning of puberty ac-counted for 62-92% of the variations seen at sexual maturity; on average, 3 yr later. When baseline values for these bone traits were divided into quartiles, a linear relation across Tanner stages of sexual development was observed for each quartile in both girls and boys. The regression lines differed among quartiles for each trait, paralleled each other, and did not overlap. Thus, we are now in a position to identify those children who are genetically prone to develop low values for peak bone mass and toward whom osteoporosis prevention trials should be geared. (J Clin Endocrinol Metab 85: 3908 -3918, 2000)
doi:10.1210/jcem.85.10.6887 pmid:11061556 fatcat:jv234t4mmzaqfnthqw2xb5ixa4