Yoga for Improving Mental Health during COVID-19 Pandemic: A Review

Dhananjoy Shaw, Chitra Chand
2021 East journal of psychiatry  
] [12] Yoga is a nonpharmacological means to develop overall mental health by improving willpower, emotional control, and self-confidence and reducing perceived fatigue, stress, and lifestyle-related disorders due to stress such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, obesity, and many more through mantras, meditation, pranayama, and asanas. 13, 14 Mindfulness is a technique to purposely focus on the present moment which can be improved with the help of asanas, pranayamas, and meditation. 15, 16
more » ... reas, mantras are mindfulness chants that helps in improving resilience and in managing stress-related consequences such as insomnia, introduction Novel coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19), a pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2 that has spread globally emerged as a group of unexplained pneumonia cases in Wuhan, China in December, 2019. 1,2 COVID-19 was declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern by WHO on 30 January 2020. 3 ill date there are no specific drugs, treatment protocol, and vaccination for the coronavirus disease, and the treatment includes isolation and symptomatic management. 2 The preventive measures to stop the transmission of the disease are social distancing, frequent hand washing, and quarantine in some cases. 1, 4 Previous studies on SARS and Ebola outbreak in 2003 and 2014, respectively, reported the unfavorable psychological effects of quarantine like post-traumatic stress symptoms, confusion, and anger, and people with pre-existing anxiety and depression may show worse psychological symptoms due to quarantine and social distancing. 1 The easy access to different types of news, false claims, and misinformation propagated through print media, news channels, and social media on COVID-19 can enhance the aforementioned symptoms. 5, 6 Poor mental conditions such as depression and stress, also elevates the possibility of acute respiratory infections. 7 ue to work from home, the electronic and distancing means of communication and the seating hours on screen has increased in several folds and the freedom of movement has been reduced considerably. 8 Lockdown has affected the economy negatively and in a recent interview Nobel laureate Dr Abhijit Banerjee said that "COVID-19 pandemic is far from over and it is uncertain that how long the economy will take to recover". 9,10 A great magnitude of joblessness and reduced income caused insecurity and uncertainty among people, collectively leading to loneliness; contamination fear; sleep disturbances; worry for loved ones; helplessness,
doi:10.5005/jp-journals-11001-0004 fatcat:mh7pfvhkfffm5gvcuiyzichjva