X-linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease case with a novel missense mutation in GJB1 gene

Jong-Mok Lee, Jin-Hong Shin
2018 Journal of Genetic Medicine  
www.e-kjgm.org X-linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1 (CMTX1) is caused by the mutation in GJB1 gene, characterized by the transient central nervous system involvement and long standing peripheral polyneuropathy which does not fulfill the criteria of demyelination or axonopathy. We describe a 37-year-old man with progressive bilateral leg weakness since his early teen. He suffered transient right hemiparesis, followed by quadriparesis at 14 years of age. When we examined him at 37 years of
more » ... age, he presented a distal muscle weakness on lower extremities with a sensory symptom. The nerve conduction study demonstrated a motor conduction velocity between 26 and 49 m/s. The whole exome sequencing revealed a novel variant c.136 G>A in GJB1. This report will raise awareness in this rare disease, which is frequently misdiagnosed early in its course.
doi:10.5734/jgm.2018.15.2.107 fatcat:uoa5m4vd6jenffz3ltjo6zloue