Chemiluminescent Immunoassay versus Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assays for IgA Anti-Tissue Transglutaminase Antibodies Assessment in Celiac Disease Children

Oana Belei, Emil Radu Iacob, Daniela Iacob, Elena Amaricai, Otilia Marginean
2020 Revista de chimie (Bucuresti)  
Recent describing of atypical, silent and latent form of celiac disease (CD) increased the preocupation for screening methods.To perform a comparative study of immunoglobulin A (IgA) anti tissue-transglutaminase (tTG) antibodies (Ab) assessment using chemiluminescence versus Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA).The study included two lots.The first lot consisted in 35 biopsy confirmed CD children aged between two and 18 years.The control lot included 40 children with normal duodenal
more » ... mal duodenal morphology on intestinal biopsy that underwent upper digestive endoscopy for different gastrointestinal symptoms.Serum samples were provided from all subjects for IgA measurement, IgA anti tTG and EMA assessment. Immulite 2500 Anti tTG IgA (Siemens Co, LA, USA) and ImmuLisa anti-hu tTG antibody IgA ELISA (Immco Diagnostics Inc, NY, USA) kits were used for tTG-Ab assessment. All children underwent HLA typing for DQ2/DQ8. The sensitivity for IgA tTG assessment was greater for chemiluminescence (93,3%) versus ELISA (86,6%), p[0,05, while specificity, positive and negative predictive value didn�t register significant differences. Statistical comparison of the two tested methods revealed a better sensitivity for chemiluminescence. Diagnosis algorithm optimisation may be obtained by associating IgA anti tTG-Ab assessment using chemiluminescence followed by EMA confirmation by indirect immunofluorescence for CD screening.
doi:10.37358/rc.20.2.7890 fatcat:g6kndvws6zgppoiluy4i4qdx44