Sox2 controls neural stem cell self-renewal through a Fos-centered gene regulatory network [article]

Miriam Pagin, Simone Giubbolini, Cristiana Barone, Gaia Sambruni, Yanfen Zhu, Sergio Ottolenghi, Chia-Lin Wei, Silvia Kirsten Nicolis
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
The Sox2 transcription factor is necessary for the long-term self-renewal of neural stem cells (NSC). Its mechanism of action is still poorly defined. To identify molecules regulated by Sox2, and acting in mouse NSC maintenance, we transduced, individually or in combination, into Sox2-deleted NSC, genes whose expression is strongly downregulated following Sox2 loss (Fos, Jun, Egr2). Fos alone rescued long-term proliferation, as shown by in vitro cell growth and clonal analysis. Further, Fos
more » ... s. Further, Fos requirement for efficient long-term proliferation was demonstrated by the strong reduction of NSC clones capable of long-term expansion following CRISPR/Cas9-mediated Fos inactivation. Previous work showed that the Suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (Socs3) gene is strongly downregulated following Sox2 deletion, and its reexpression by lentiviral transduction rescues long-term NSC proliferation. Fos appears to be an upstream regulator of Socs3, possibly together with Jun and Egr2; indeed, Sox2 reexpression in Sox2-deleted NSC progressively activates both Fos and Socs3 expression; in turn, Fos transduction activates Socs3 expression. Based on available SOX2 ChIPseq and ChIA-PET data, as well as results from the literature, we propose a model whereby Sox2 is a direct activator of both Socs3 and Fos, as well as possibly Jun and Egr2; in turn, Fos, Jun and Egr2 may activate Socs3. These results provide the basis for developing a model of a network of interactions, regulating critical effectors of NSC proliferation and long-term maintenance.
doi:10.1101/2020.03.17.995621 fatcat:gwtvioukufa4blvo47oj2pj2by