Estimation of chemical emissions from down-the-drain consumer products using consumer survey data at a country and wastewater treatment plant level

Mélanie Douziech, Rosalie van Zelm, Rik Oldenkamp, Antonio Franco, A. Jan Hendriks, Henry King, Mark A.J. Huijbregts
2018 Chemosphere  
h i g h l i g h t s g r a p h i c a l a b s t r a c t Chemical emission loads from the use of personal care products were quantified. Consumer use surveys from four countries were used. Point source emissions differed up to two orders of magnitude between countries. Emission uncertainty (95% confidence interval) was up to 5 times the mean value. This approach does not rely on confidential or commercial tonnage data. Chemosphere 193 (2018) 32e41 suitable where measured data on chemical emissions
more » ... chemical emissions is missing and is applicable for use in risk assessments and chemical footprinting methods when applied to specific product categories.
doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.11.009 pmid:29126063 fatcat:76yxlq7iuva7bbj3zyrqtwfzpu