Effect of Stress-Sensitive Fracture Conductivity on Transient Pressure Behavior for a Multi-Well Pad With Multistage Fractures in a Naturally Fractured Tight Reservoir
Frontiers in Energy Research
This paper presents a semianalytical solution for evaluating transient pressure behavior of a multi-well pad with multistage fractures in a naturally fractured tight reservoir by considering the stress-sensitive effect imposed by both natural and hydraulic fractures. More specifically, the model pertaining to matrix/natural fractures is considered as a dual-porosity continuum, while its analytical flow model can be obtained by use of a slab-source function in the Laplace domain. The hydraulic
... in. The hydraulic fracture model is solved by discretizing each fracture into small segments to describe the flow behavior, while stress sensitivity in both the natural fracture (NF) subsystem and hydraulic fracture (HF) subsystem has been taken into account. To validate the newly developed semianalytical model, its solution has been obtained and compared with those of a commercial numerical simulator. By generating the type curves, there may exhibit eight flow regimes: pure wellbore storage, skin effect transition flow, linear flow regime within HFs, early radial flow, biradial flow, transition flow, pseudo-steady diffusion, and the late-time pseudo-radial flow. Furthermore, late-time flow regimes are found to be significantly distorted by the multi-well pressure interference. The smaller the well-rate ratio is, the more distorted the pressure and pressure derivative curves will be. In addition, well spacing and fracture length are found to dominate the flow behavior when multi-well pressure interference occurs. As the well spacing is decreased, the fracture length is increased, and thus occurrence of multi-well pressure interference is initiated earlier. Permeability moduli of NFs and HFs impose no impact on the multi-well pressure interference; however, it can distort flow regimes, leading to a severe distortion of pressure and pressure derivative curves. Similarly, the effect of HF permeability modulus on the flow in a hydraulic fracture, the minimum fracture conductivity is another key factor affecting the "hump" on the pressure curve. As the crossflow coefficient is increased, flow exchange between matrix and NFs is increased. With an increase in the storage ratio, flow exchange lasts longer and the second "dip" on the pressure curve becomes deeper.