Trend Analysis of Large-Scale Twitter Data Based on Witnesses during a Hazardous Event: A Case Study on California Wildfire Evacuation

Syed A. Morshed, Khandakar Mamun Ahmed, Kamar Amine
2021 World Journal of Engineering and Technology  
Social media data created a paradigm shift in assessing situational awareness during a natural disaster or emergencies such as wildfire, hurricane, tropical storm etc. Twitter as an emerging data source is an effective and innovative digital platform to observe trend from social media users' perspective who are direct or indirect witnesses of the calamitous event. This paper aims to collect and analyze twitter data related to the recent wildfire in California to perform a trend analysis by
more » ... ifying firsthand and credible information from Twitter users. This work investigates tweets on the recent wildfire in California and classifies them based on witnesses into two types: 1) direct witnesses and 2) indirect witnesses. The collected and analyzed information can be useful for law enforcement agencies and humanitarian organizations for communication and verification of the situational awareness during wildfire hazards. Trend analysis is an aggregated approach that includes sentimental analysis and topic modeling performed through domain-expert manual annotation and machine learning. Trend analysis ultimately builds a fine-grained analysis to assess evacuation routes and provide valuable information to the firsthand emergency responders.
doi:10.4236/wjet.2021.92016 fatcat:mxmsokvcwbadhbkmhun7dy75mm