Stabilization Bounds for Influence Propagation from a Random Initial State

Pál András Papp, Roger Wattenhofer, Filippo Bonchi, Simon J. Puglisi
We study the stabilization time of two common types of influence propagation. In majority processes, nodes in a graph want to switch to the most frequent state in their neighborhood, while in minority processes, nodes want to switch to the least frequent state in their neighborhood. We consider the sequential model of these processes, and assume that every node starts out from a uniform random state. We first show that if nodes change their state for any small improvement in the process, then
more » ... abilization can last for up to Θ(n²) steps in both cases. Furthermore, we also study the proportional switching case, when nodes only decide to change their state if they are in conflict with a (1+λ)/2 fraction of their neighbors, for some parameter λ ∈ (0,1). In this case, we show that if λ < 1/3, then there is a construction where stabilization can indeed last for Ω(n^{1+c}) steps for some constant c > 0. On the other hand, if λ > 1/2, we prove that the stabilization time of the processes is upper-bounded by O(n ⋅ log n).
doi:10.4230/lipics.mfcs.2021.83 fatcat:di27dvew4vh3ngc4j3llscc3wi