Investigating the Sources of Formaldehyde and Corresponding Photochemical Indications at a Suburb Site in Shanghai From MAX‐DOAS Measurements

Sanbao Zhang, Shanshan Wang, Ruifeng Zhang, Yanlin Guo, Yuhao Yan, Zhenfeng Ding, Bin Zhou
2021 Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres  
Multi-AXis-Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy (MAX-DOAS) measurements were performed to obtain vertical distributions of nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ), formaldehyde (HCHO) and glyoxal (CHOCHO) from October 17 to November 21, 2019 in Qingpu, a suburb of Shanghai, China. The consistencies of MAX-DOAS and other independent observations of HCHO and NO 2 verified the effectiveness of the inversion results. The secondary formation was identified as the predominant HCHO sources (57.4% of all) by
more » ... statistical regression analysis of HCHO with carbon monoxide (CO) and CHOCHO. The photochemical indications of HCHO were investigated through the ratios of HCHO to CHOCHO (R GF ) and NO 2 (R FN ). The results showed that anthropogenic influence on R GF mainly existed in the layer of 0-800 m. The dependences of anthropogenic emission on R GF were negative in 0-200 m layer and positive in 200-800 m layer when NO 2 level was higher than 5 ppbv. The sensitivity analysis of O 3 formation in 0-2 km layer was concluded as follows: between 9:00 and 11:00 LT, the O 3 formation was controlled by VOC-limited regime alone; while it turned into transition regime in 1.7-2 km layer from 11:00 to 13:00 LT; then the transition regime moved down to the layer of 1.3-1.4 km from 13:00 to 15:00 LT and the NO x -limited regime began to occur in 1.4-2.0 km layer. ZHANG ET AL. Key Points: • Separate the different HCHO sources by a more suitable tracer pair of CO-CHOCHO • The anthropogenic influence on R GF presented different characteristics with height • The limited regime of O 3 formation can convert with height Supporting Information: • Supporting Information S1
doi:10.1029/2020jd033351 fatcat:uewnbxo34reuvkr5m53g5w5exa