Dictionary or glossary of racing terms and slang. Also, a brief description of the diseases and blemishes to which racehorses are most liable, by J.S. Cattanach, V.S
An unfair race of any kind ; a " sell " or " cross." Beat. -"Dead beat;" wholly worn out ; "done up." Best.-To get the better of a man in any waynot necessarily to cheat. "Bested."-Taljen in or defrauded, in reality worsted. (A low betting cheat or a fraudulent bookmakeir is sometimes called a bester.) Betting Round.-Laying fairly and equally against nearly all the horses in a race so that no great risk can be run. Biennial.-A race run in two successive years, the horses being entered to
... g entered to compete (usually at two and three years) at the same place, but over courses of different lengths. Bolt.-A horse "bolts " when he swerves out of the regular course or turns away from a leap through temper or fatigue. Book. -An arrangement of bets against the horses in any race. The principle of making a book or " betting round," is to lay a previously determined sum against every horse in the race, or as many horses as possible; and should the bookmaker " get round"i. e , succeed in laying against as many horses as will more than balance the odds laidhe is certain to be a winner. The bookmaker is distinguished from the backer by its being his particular business to bet against horses, or to lay. While the backer stands by the chance of a horse, or the chances of a set of horses about which he supposes himself to be possessed of special information . A bookmaker rarely backs horses for his own particular fancy. He m' y put a trifle on an animal about which he has been told something, but as a rule if a bookmaker takes a special fancy to a certain horse, he lets him "run for the book "i. e., does not lay against him. When a bookmaker backs a horse in the course of his regular business, it is because he has laid too much against him and finds it convenient to share the risk with other bookmakers. Bore.-To swerve in upon a competing horse so as, by hindering his jockey from using his whip, or threatening to crowd him against the rails, to impede him . Bottom.-Stamina-able to endure a great strain. When a horse is spoken of as having " plenty of bottom," it means that he can run long and repeating races without being distressed, although he may lack great speed, and fail over short courses. Break A-way.-A horse breaks away when in a false start he gets beyond the control of rider and starter. He is also said to break away when he instantly assumes a commanding lead at a great pace, whether intentionally or against his rider's Will. Breezing. -A figurative expression for giving a horse fast work without actually extending him as in a race. Some say that " breezing " is a mispronunciation of breathing. A breathing pace is mentioned by Darvill. Bullfincli.-A large thick hedge, difficult alike to jump o^' burst through. They are very rare in the United States.