Retinopatia da prematuridade

Márcia Beatriz Tartarella, João Borges Fortes Filho
2016 e-Oftalmo CBO Revista Digital de Oftalmologia  
This study discusses current aspects regarding retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), a clinical disorder that leads to the highest number of children in the world becoming blind. This emphasizes the importance of screening for the disease in all preterm infants with a very low birth weight, identifying retinopathy at a proper time, and treating it using laser at about 37 weeks post-conception while there is still a chance for treatment, which should preferably be conducted during the child stay at
more » ... the child stay at the Neonatology Center. The first ophthalmic examination should be performed using binocular indirect ophthalmoscopy, with dilated pupils, between 4 and 6 weeks after birth in all newborns weighing 1,500 g or less and/or at the gestational age of 32 weeks or less, as proposed by the Brazilian Guidelines for ROP Screening and Detection. The follow-up of children with or without retinopathy should be conducted periodically until vascularization of Zone 3 temporal retina is normalized, and this normalization should be maintained during the first years of life for the prevention of amblyopia and strabismus and for the correction of refractive errors related to prematurity. How to cite: Tartarella MB, Fortes Filho JB. Retinopathy of Prematurity. e-Oftalmo.CBO: Rev Dig Oftalmol. 2016;2(4):1-15.
doi:10.17545/e-oftalmo.cbo/2016.74 fatcat:3spng3rfbve5jc73nwmqfwdswa