Fatty Acid Hydratases: Versatile Catalysts to Access Hydroxy Fatty Acids in Efficient Syntheses of Industrial Interest

Jana Löwe, Harald Gröger
2020 Catalysts  
The utilization of hydroxy fatty acids has gained more and more attention due to its applicability in many industrial building blocks that require it, for example, polymers or fragrances. Furthermore, hydroxy fatty acids are accessible from biorenewables, thus contributing to a more sustainable raw material basis for industrial chemicals. Therefore, a range of investigations were done on fatty acid hydratases (FAHs), since these enzymes catalyze the addition of water to an unsaturated fatty
more » ... , thus providing an elegant route towards hydroxy-substituted fatty acids. Besides the discovery and characterization of fatty acid hydratases (FAHs), the design and optimization of syntheses with these enzymes, the implementation in elaborate cascades, and the improvement of these biocatalysts, by way of mutation in terms of the substrate scope, has been investigated. This mini-review focuses on the research done on process development using fatty acid hydratases as a catalyst. It is notable that biotransformations, running at impressive substrate loadings of up to 280 g L−1, have been realized. A further topic of this mini-review is the implementation of fatty acid hydratases in cascade reactions. In such cascades, fatty acid hydratases were, in particular, combined with alcohol dehydrogenases (ADH), Baeyer-Villiger monooxygenases (BVMO), transaminases (TA) and hydrolases, thus enabling access to a broad variety of molecules that are of industrial interest.
doi:10.3390/catal10030287 fatcat:lmdumi4unrdx3guqu3gqrer77q