Cryo-EM structures and functional properties of CALHM channels of the human placenta [article]

Katarzyna Drożdżyk, Marta Sawicka, Maria-Isabel Bahamonde-Santos, Zaugg Jonas, Dawid Deneka, Christiane Albrecht, Raimund Dutzler
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
The transport of substances across the placenta is essential for the development of the fetus. Here, we were interested in the role of channels of the calcium homeostasis modulator (CALHM) family in the human placenta. By transcript analysis, we found the paralogs CALHM2, 4, and 6 to be highly expressed in this organ and upregulated during trophoblast differentiation. Based on electrophysiology, we found that activation of these paralogs differs from the voltage- and calcium-gated channel
more » ... gated channel CALHM1. Cryo-EM structures of CALHM4 display decameric and undecameric assemblies with large cylindrical pore, while in CALHM6 a conformational change has converted the pore shape into a conus that narrows at the intracellular side, thus describing distinct functional states of the channel. The pore geometry alters the distribution of lipids, which occupy the cylindrical pore of CALHM4 in a bilayer-like arrangement whereas they have redistributed in the conical pore of CALHM6 with potential functional consequences.
doi:10.1101/2020.02.11.944231 fatcat:5mj6u6afczcbralmihly5luc6q