Pluralistic Counselling and Psychotherapy [chapter]

John McLeod, Mick Cooper
The Beginner's Guide to Counselling & Psychotherapy  
The emergence of counselling and psychotherapy in the middle of the twentieth century was associated with a proliferation of different and competing therapeutic approaches. Such diversity did much to foster creativity and growth within the field. However, the development of 'schools' has also tended to lead to an unproductive 'schoolism', with adherents of particular approaches becoming entrenched in the 'rightness' of their model, and blind to ways of working that might be more helpful for
more » ... ore helpful for particular clients. As a response to this, therapists from the 1930s onwards have attempted to develop more integrative and eclectic practices. Yet these, too, can end up as relatively discrete and fixed models of therapy (e.g. Egan's skilled helper model). Moreover, in most of these approaches, the decision as to which methods or understandings to use tends to remain primarily with the therapist. Pluralistic therapy, as developed by Cooper and McLeod (2007; 2011) , is an attempt to construct a framework for therapy that can overcome some of these limitations, while drawing on the most valuable features of these previous models. It is not one specific therapeutic practice, but
doi:10.4135/9781473918061.n25 fatcat:vjukg2qud5bqpbmyibtd53te2y