IRRIGATION IMPROVEMENT SYSTEM AND ITS EFFECT ON WATER MANAGEMENT IN BENI ADI VILLAGE (CASE STUDY)
JES. Journal of Engineering Sciences
Mesqas which is about 1 % of the total command area saved and made available for agriculture and roads. Also, irrigation time reduced by 50 % to 60 % of that was before improvement process which made water available all the time in the Mesqas with the adequate quantities, the cost of pumping reduced by 64 % which was a result of a single point lifting on the Mesqa and The increase in crop yields (according to agricultural association in Beni Adi el Bahariya village, 2009) due to the better
... to the better conditions of water availability, Increase in wheat, cotton and maize were estimated at 10 %, 18 % and 9 %, respectively. Irrigation Improvement System couldn't achieve increasing of on-farm efficiency because of farmers' bad use of water, where; they used to irrigate by high flow rates which lead to increase leakage from the farm land. Therefore, Field design and irrigation management practices have a significant impact on surface irrigation performance. Reductions in management variables such as irrigation time and design flow rate of the system can lead to improvements in irrigation efficiencies and water saving.