Composition and fatty acid profile of milk from cows on pasture subjected to licuri oil supplement

Luciano dos Santos Lima, Ronaldo Lopes Oliveira, Adriana Regina Bagaldo, Américo Fróes Garcez Neto, Cláudio Vaz Di Mambro Ribeiro, Dante Pazzanese Duarte Lanna
2011 Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia  
The objective of this study was to determine the best level of oil licuri concentrate on dairy cows. The best level was determined through an analysis of the milk's chemical composition and fatty acid profile. Sixteen lactating cows from the Holstein × Zebu cross breed kept on Tanzania grass pastures were divided into four 4 × 4 Latin squares, which were formed by four experimental periods of 21 days. The 21-day experimental periods were divided into 17 days for adaptation and four days for
more » ... ection. Cows received three kg of concentrate per day, at the time of milking. Treatments consisted of four types of feed containing the following levels: 0, 1.5, 3.0, and 4.5% inclusion of dry matter (DM) licuri oil concentrate. The licuri oil levels changed the fatty acids' profile with a linear increase in the short-chain fatty acid and medium and linearly reduced the concentration of LCFA. The highest level of licuri oil was 4.5% of DM concentrate, which changed the composition of milk through an increase in the percentage of fat and total solids. This result is of prominent notice to the dairy industry.
doi:10.1590/s1516-35982011001200033 fatcat:aqstocha4fccdlvp2fy62eyr34