Reward systems, cognition, and emotion: Introduction to the special issue

Marie T. Banich, Stan Floresco
2019 Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience  
Within the past decade or so, our knowledge regarding reward systems in the brain, the nature of their interactions with other brain systems, and their influence on a wide range of cognitive and emotional processes has grown substantially. Interest in these topics is growing because they are enriching knowledge from the viewpoint of basic science and also because of their implications for expanding our understanding of various psychiatric and neurological disorders. Building on the tradition of
more » ... CABN to report research that allows for linkages between psychological theory, neural mechanisms, and computational approaches (Banich, 2016), we have assembled a set of 21 papers that provide a broad domain of perspectives on critical and emerging issues in the field. This breadth is reflected in the range methodologies employed across the papers, from studies with animal models to human participants, from neurologically normal individuals to those who have suffered brain damage, and using methods that probe neural and cognitive processes ranging from fMRI to ERPs to pupillometry. Breadth is also provided by theoretical reviews that synthesize accumulated knowledge and present it within a new and integrated framework. Although the papers in the special issue cover a broad series of topics, themes nonetheless emerge, which provide insight into the critical issues facing the field today. In each of the following sections, we discuss those issues and the perspective provided by the contributions to this special issue.
doi:10.3758/s13415-019-00725-z pmid:31124052 fatcat:tgiz2unphzbefmoqkxhgrvt6cy