Lipid Lowering Drugs: Present Status and Future Developments

Massimiliano Ruscica, Nicola Ferri, Raul D. Santos, Cesare R. Sirtori, Alberto Corsini
2021 Current Atherosclerosis Reports  
Purpose of review Based on the recent data of the DA VINCI study, it is clear that, besides utilization of statins, there is a need to increase non-statin lipid lowering approaches to reduce the cardiovascular burden in patients at highest risk. Recent findings For hypercholesterolemia, the small synthetic molecule bempedoic acid has the added benefit of selective liver activation, whereas inclisiran, a hepatic inhibitor of the PCSK9 synthesis, has comparable effects with PCSK9 monoclonal
more » ... dies. For hypertriglyceridemia, cardiovascular benefit has been achieved by the use of icosapent ethyl, whereas results with pemafibrate, a selective agonist of PPAR-α, are eagerly awaited. In the era of RNA-based therapies, new options are offered to dramatically reduce levels of lipoprotein(a) (APO(a)LRX) and of triglycerides (ANGPTL3LRX and APOCIII-LRx). Summary Despite the demonstrated benefits of statins, a large number of patients still remain at significant risk because of inadequate LDL-C reduction or elevated blood triglyceride-rich lipoproteins or lipoprotein(a). The area of lipid modulating agents is still ripe with ideas and major novelties are to be awaited in the next few years.
doi:10.1007/s11883-021-00918-3 pmid:33694108 pmcid:PMC7946696 fatcat:ewueuitlsrcpveta3yldlxefxi