The application of the microstructured metallic grating to light emission extraction
Chinese Science Bulletin
Microstructured metallic gratings can be used to enhance the light emission efficiency of LEDs, and the spectral radiation properties of the LEDs vary with the different metallic materials used, leading to variation of the light emission enhancement at the same wavelength for different metallic grating materials. In this paper, the finite difference time domain (FDTD) method has been used to investigate the light emission extraction enhancement of LEDs in which gratings with different metallic
... different metallic materials have been applied. Through analysis of the permittivity of the metals and the quality factors of the surface plasmons (SPs), we concluded that the larger the plasma frequency obtained for the metallic interband transition, then the more suitable the metals are for light emission extraction of photons with relatively short wavelengths. This is because of the abundance of free electrons in the metals with large plasma frequencies. We also found that the wavelength-dependent trends of the extraction enhancement resulting from the scattering mechanism for different metallic materials are similar to each other. For SP-induced enhancement, either the enhancement peak position or the peak value changes significantly with the different metals. microstructured metallic grating, LED, near-field evanescent wave, surface plasmons Citation: Gou Y C, Xuan Y M. The application of the microstructured metallic grating to light emission extraction.