Distinguishing Coherent and Thermal Photon Noise in a Circuit Quantum Electrodynamical System

Fei Yan, Dan Campbell, Philip Krantz, Morten Kjaergaard, David Kim, Jonilyn L. Yoder, David Hover, Adam Sears, Andrew J. Kerman, Terry P. Orlando, Simon Gustavsson, William D. Oliver
2018 Physical Review Letters  
In the cavity-QED architecture, photon number fluctuations from residual cavity photons cause qubit dephasing due to the AC Stark effect. These unwanted photons originate from a variety of sources, such as thermal radiation, leftover measurement photons, and crosstalk. Using a capacitively-shunted flux qubit coupled to a transmission line cavity, we demonstrate a method that identifies and distinguishes coherent and thermal photons based on noise-spectral reconstruction from time-domain
more » ... king relaxometry. Using these measurements, we attribute the limiting dephasing source in our system to thermal photons, rather than coherent photons. By improving the cryogenic attenuation on lines leading to the cavity, we successfully suppress residual thermal photons and achieve T_1-limited spin-echo decay time. The spin-locking noise spectroscopy technique can readily be applied to other qubit modalities for identifying general asymmetric non-classical noise spectra.
doi:10.1103/physrevlett.120.260504 pmid:30004727 fatcat:wtqsponqvnhajiwkfpz6cql4ue