Cold flow analysis of trapped vortex combustor using two equation turbulence models

P. Selvaganesh, S. Vengadesan
2008 Aeronautical Journal  
A new combustor concept referred as the trapped vortex combustor (TVC) employs a vortex that is trapped inside a cavity to stabilise the flame. The cavity is formed between two axisymmetric disks mounted in tandem. TVC offers many advantages when compared to conventional swirl stabilisers. In the present work, numerical investigation of cold flow (non-reacting) through trapped vortex combustor is performed. The numerical simulation involves passive flow through TVC to obtain an optimum cavity
more » ... an optimum cavity size to trap stable vortices inside the cavity and to observe the important characteristics of TVC. One of the main objectives is to evaluate various two equation turbulence models for the aerodynamic predictions of TVC. Commercial CFD software Fluent is used for the present study. In addition to many models available, Non-linear k-ω and modified k-ω models are incorporated through user defined functions. Results obtained include streamlines, residence time and entrainments for all models. The reattachment length obtained by non-linear k-ω model closely matches with that obtained by DNS in the case of forebody-spindle alone. Non-linear k-ω model alone captures the corner vortices while all the other models failed to capture. From the entrainment characteristics study, it is inferred that the primary air needs to be injected for accommodating the decrease in oxidizer inside the cavity to obtain better performance from the TVC.
doi:10.1017/s0001924000002530 fatcat:b6dcczvaindwzimr2bdov36dny