Characteristics and influence of type 2 diabetes in cirrhosis ascites with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis
Objective: To investigate the characteristics and influence of type 2 diabetes in hepatocirrhosis ascites complicated with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis(SBP) to support clinical management of this condition. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted to collect patients with hepatocirrhosis ascites with hospitalization from January 1, 2016 to June 30, 2019. The patients were classified according to whether they had type 2 diabetes and SBP. Univariate and multivariate binary logistic
... nary logistic regression analysis were performed on the data of the two groups. Results: A total of 214 patients were enrolled in the study, including 121 males and 93 females; 21 diabetics and 193 non diabetics; 119 SBP patients and 95 control subjects. There were 18 cases of SBP in hepatocirrhosis ascites complicated with diabetes, accounting for 85.7%, which was significantly higher than that in the non-diabetic group. The times of ascites, age and hospitalization days of cirrhotic ascites complicated with diabetes were 2 (1-3) times, 74 (60-76) years old and 25 (15-36) days, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in the non-diabetic group, P < 0.05. Multivariate analysis showed that diabetes , the times of hepatocirrhosis ascites, hospitalization days and total bilirubin (TBIL) increased the independent risk factors of SBP in hepatocirrhosis ascites, with OR values of 5.126 (1.358-19.345), 1.949 (1.428-2.660), 1.028 (1.010-1.047), 1.006 (1.001-1.010), respectively (P < 0.05). Conclusion: the patients with hepatocirrhosis ascites complicated with diabetes showed older age, longer hospitalization time, more SBP and more ascites; diabetes mellitus, times of ascites, hospitalization days and TBIL increased the risk of SBP in hepatocirrhosis ascites.