Bilateral septic arthritis of the sternoclavicular joint complicating infective endocarditis: a case report
Journal of Medical Case Reports
Septic arthritis is an infectious disease that commonly affects weight-bearing or proximal joints such as the knee and the hip. The sternoclavicular joint is an unusual site of this entity. It usually occurs in patients with diabetes mellitus, intravenous drug abusers, or those with rheumatoid arthritis. Analysis of the previous literature showed few articles and these described essentially cases of unilateral presentation. Case presentation: We report a rare case of a bilateral septic
... of the sternoclavicular joint sustained by a 71-year-old Tunisian woman whose medical history was significant for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infective endocarditis 6 months ago. Imaging investigations revealed destruction of the medial extremities of her two clavicles and bilateral collections in the soft tissues around her sternoclavicular joints. She was treated successfully by needle aspiration drainage combined with a 12-week antibiotherapy. Conclusions: Bilateral septic arthritis of the sternoclavicular joint is an extremely rare entity, with a paucity of literature. Only early diagnosis, which is obtained from the culture of the joint fluid using needle aspiration, allows satisfactory functional outcome and a good prognosis. Osteoarticular infections should be considered in patients with recent infective endocarditis in cases of fever recurrence.