Genotyping of Mycoplasma pneumoniaeClinical Isolates Reveals Eight P1 Subtypes within Two Genomic Groups

J. Wendelien Dorigo-Zetsma, Jacob Dankert, Sebastian A. J. Zaat
2000 Journal of Clinical Microbiology  
Three methods for genotyping of Mycoplasma pneumoniaeclinical isolates were applied to 2 reference strains and 21 clinical isolates. By a modified restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis of PCR products of the M. pneumoniae cytadhesin P1 gene, 5 subtypes were discriminated among 13 P1 type 1 strains and 3 subtypes were discriminated among 8 P1 type 2 strains. Sequence analysis of the 16S-23S rRNA gene spacer region and part of the 23S rRNA gene revealed one nucleotide
more » ... in the intergenic spacer region in 3 of the 21 isolates. In the 23S rRNA gene sequence of the 8 P1 type 2 strains an extra adenosine was present, but it was absent from the 13 P1 type 1 strains. On the basis of M. pneumoniae genome sequence data, primers were designed to amplify large interrepeat fragments by long PCR, and these fragments were subsequently analyzed by RFLP analysis. Only two types, long PCR types 1 and 2, could be discriminated among the M. pneumoniaeisolates. All P1 type 1 strains were assigned to long PCR type 1, and all P1 type 2 strains were assigned to long PCR type 2. These data obtained by three independent typing methods thus confirm the existence of two distinct M. pneumoniae genomic groups but expand the possibility of strain typing on the basis of variations within their P1 genes.
doi:10.1128/jcm.38.3.965-970.2000 fatcat:d4rcvmsypvezflguuj2w6cmjl4