Speaking clearly . . . 10 years on: The case for an integrative perspective of self-talk in sport

Alexander T. Latinjak, Antonis Hatzigeorgiadis, Nikos Comoutos, James Hardy
2019 Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology  
Peer reviewed version Cyswllt i'r cyhoeddiad / Link to publication Dyfyniad o'r fersiwn a gyhoeddwyd / Citation for published version (APA): Latinjak, A. T., Hatzigeorgiadis, A., Comoutos, N., & Hardy, J. (2019). Speaking clearly ... 10 years on: The case for an integrative perspective of self-talk in sport. Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology, 8(4), 353-367. https://doi. Abstract 1 Over a decade ago, Hardy (2006) published his literature review that contained a working 2 definition
more » ... ng 2 definition that has shaped subsequent studies about self-talk, contributing to the noticeable 3 expansion of this research area. The rapid development of the self-talk literature in sport 4 since then has bred the need to rethink how self-talk is conceptualized. The purpose of the 5 present article was twofold: (a) to review how conceptualizations of self-talk and the 6 associated research perspectives have changed during the past decade and (b) to introduce a 7 new integrative conceptualization of sport self-talk. We identify two main developments that 8 alter our view of what self-talk is, reinforcing the need for a new conceptualization: The 9 identification of two distinct self-talk entities (organic self-talk and strategic self-talk); and 10 the distinctions between spontaneous and goal-directed self-talk, as these emerged within 11 organic self-talk. Consequently, we propose a new integrative conceptualization of self-talk. 12 We believe that for such a conceptualization to be sufficient so as to guide future research, 13 several attributes of self-talk ought to be recognized: the necessary and sufficient attributes 14 that define self-talk, and important descriptive attributes, including overtness, interpretation, 15 origins, and functions, which facilitate the understanding and the study of the self-talk 16 phenomena. 17
doi:10.1037/spy0000160 fatcat:3lqu6iwuo5ezhl3rwmguak6qbu